There is one male, Chester, born in September 2010 and two females: Zuri, born in September 2010 and Asha, born in January of 2011. Each year, a single lion kills about 15 large. Lions are unique in that they are the only cats to live in groups (pr. Lions For Kids Read our amazing facts about lions and download or print our quiz sheet in the activity section at the end to test your knowledge afterwards!. Lion Information. A Cartoon Lion. There are nine subspecies and are distinguished by the unique characteristics of their coats, which range from tawny or light yellow in warm, dry habitats to reddish-orange in dense forests. This is Kiki the lion. Facts about the original Lion King to get you amped for the live action film (24 Photos). Pups are dark brown to black until 4 to 6 months old when they molt to a lighter brown. California Mountain Lions About half of California is prime mountain lion country. It is found in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. White Lions Lion Facts For Kids. The Lion's Mane Jellyfish is the largest Jellyfish in the world and just may bet he longest animal known to man. They are very adaptable and live in all kinds of different habitats. South African lions live in sub-Saharan Africa excluding the Congo rainforest belt. It once roamed throughout Wisconsin, one of three wild cats native to the state, along with the bobcat and Canada lynx. In the wild, lions will live for anything between 12 and 16 years. Get up close with more than 40 lions and their cubs on this self-guided walking tour of the Lion Habitat Ranch near Las Vegas. The Mountain Lion is also called Cougar and Puma. They are the world's second largest cat after the tigers. Owned and operated by Keith Evans and his wife Beverly, two lion enthusiasts and adventurers, it's immediately obvious that their top priority at Lion Habitat Ranch is caring for these animals as best they can. Here are some facts about The Butterfly Lion by Michael Morpurgo. Mountain lion mauls 8-year-old boy who was playing outside his home. Includes images & activities. LION PROTECTION. Lions usually live in groups of 10 or 15 animals called prides. Learn More; Researchers. Did you know that South American sea lions and other pinnipeds (seals, sea lions and walruses) are descendent from a land-based carnivore that lived 27-25 million years ago?. Lions belong to the big cat family of the Panthera Leo Genus. African lions live on the grassy plains of southern and eastern Africa. We spent a good hour and a half and saw the guys feeding, roaring, sleeping, and got to interact…. Lions inhabit in grasslands, savanna and other forests. Lion, large, powerfully built cat that is second in size only to the tiger. A side from our native mountain lions—which are actually cougars and not really “lions” at all—the only lions in the U. Get ready to roar with our 10 cool lion facts!. It means they play a crucial role in keeping a healthy balance of numbers among other animals, especially herbivores like zebra and wildebeest - which in turn influences the condition of grasslands and forests. Get the latest Detroit Lions news, photos, rankings, lists and more on Bleacher Report. the African Lion is actually a collection a sub-species. Mountain Lion Facts, Information, and Photos. More research is required regarding predator-prey relationship in Texas to better understand the influence Mountain Lions may have on deer populations as well as other prey species such as wild hogs. WOW LIFE 1,194,276 views. Habitat loss is possibly the greatest threat to the natural world. Medieval Britons had an especial fondness for this big cat; during the Middle Ages, Barbary Lions were kept in the menagerie at the Tower of London, and these big-maned beasts were star attractions at swanky British hotels. The first store was located in Ballwin, MO and was an instant hit. Here are some facts about The Butterfly Lion by Michael Morpurgo. The female cougar prowls on a range of 10 to 30 square miles. Mountain lions are in peril from hunting and habitat loss. They belong to the family of cats and are the largest ones in the group. Yet lions also survive in quite doverse habitats, such as the desert dunes of Namibia. Habitat requirements are stalking cover, prey, and lack of excessive interference by people. Their hind legs are longer than their front legs. Loss of Habitat Means Loss of Lions, BCI, dereck joubert, wildlife, save lions, africa, conservation, africa's finest, david bristow, habitat loss, human, conflict. Determine optimal habitat conditions. Easy Science for Kids Lions - The Big Cats - learn fun facts about animals, the human body, our planet and much more. 348 reviews of Lion Habitat Ranch "The best!!! Absolutely our new favorite thing. Lions hunt large animals such as zebra and wildebeest. The Lions went 2-5 in their next season games. You may have never seen one, but you should know the signs that one may be near. The sight of white lions is something very rare. Help your kids learn more about the fascinating Lion with this book of fun things to learn about Lion. Lion Home Range. On average, the lion is the tallest of the big cats, but the Siberian tiger tends to be considerably longer and heavier. What habitat do lions prefer? African lions have no specific habitat preference so they can be encountered anywhere, except in forests. View all Food. It is a critically endangered species. When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. A member of the feline species widely given the epithet, 'the king of beasts,' the Asiatic lion, also known as the Asian, Indian and Persian lion, is one of the five big cats found in India, besides the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, snow leopard and clouded leopard. From there, the species spread out across the Holarctic region, throughout almost all of Africa, parts of the Middle East, India and possibly even Europe. Information about lions, including where do they live, what do they eat and are they endangered. We are constantly making improvements to our lions' environment and living quarters. A Site about African lions. The two live in the Timbavati region of South Africa on. An adult lion's roar can be heard up to five miles away and warns off intruders or reunites scattered pride members. Mountain Lion track photo by Mark Wienert Mountain Lion Facts. Weight: 70-170 lbs. of 2012, but Lion Habitat Ranch has been taking good care of the approximately 50 African lions. Because a lion's natural habitat is found in Africa, Iran, Europe and India, they prefer grassy landscapes, tropical deserts and forests. The destruction of their natural habitat is fast pushing them towards extinction. A lion's niche refers to its place in its ecosystem and the lion's niche is at the top of the food chain where it is responsible for eating numerous animal species. The Nemean Lion was a legendary creature in Greek mythology that ravaged the area of Nemea. The most popular breeds of lion are: African Lions: The African lions, fondly called the ‘King of Beasts’, are usually found in middle and southern portions of the Savannah. They like the hot places like the Sahara in Africa and the dryer regions. The backs of an African lions ears are black in colour. They vary in color but typically sport light yellow-brown coats. An adult male’s roar can be heard up to nearly 5 miles away. is a federal non profit corp protecting exotic animals! Always open by. In Africa, lions live in the Sub-Saharan region except in the equatorial rain forest and in the heavily populated regions along the southern coast of the western portion of the. In March 1979 a female lion with 3 white cubs was observed neat Tshokwane. On May 5, 1997 ( 62 FR 24345 ), based on demographic and genetic dissimilarities, NMFS identified two DPSs of Steller sea lions under the ESA: a western DPS and an eastern DPS. They may be bulky and overweight,. If you would like to work with Lions Gift of Sight, we can help you receive eye tissue. The lions display sexual dimorphism with males, having their distinctive manes, ranging in color from black to blond. Any statewide estimate of the mountain lion population is just a "guesstimate. Fun Facts: The Swahili word for lion, simba, also means “King,” “strong,” and “aggressive” Lions live in large social groups called “prides. The biggest lion in the wild weighed around 690 pounds (313 kg), which is very exceptional for a lion; especially in the wild. Accredited educational facility. A lion's roar can be heard as far as three miles away! Learn more about this fierce creature in this Wild Animal Safari. Steller sea lions are named for Georg Wilhelm Steller, the German surgeon and naturalist on the Bering expedition who first described and wrote about the species in 1742. Are lions endangered? Yes, the number of lions decreased drastically in the past couple of decades. What habitat do lions prefer? African lions have no specific habitat preference so they can be encountered anywhere, except in forests. Young second-year males have a very scraggly appearance. Mountain Lion track photo by Mark Wienert Mountain Lion Facts. The sheer quantity of slaughter in the Colosseum saw the number of lions, jaguars, and tigers plummet across the globe. LION FACT SHEET STATUS: Although the population of lions is declining, they are not currently listed as endangered or threatened. The book won the 1996 Smarties Book Prize. RETURN TO BENEFICIALS HOME PAGE : Scroll Over Images and Click to Enlarge : FIGURE 1. The Project that demonstrates the knowledge of Lions. In Kenya, you can see these majestic creatures while on an African lion safari in Amboseli or Maasai Mara or by visiting one of Kenya's national parks and reserves. Lions really are an endangered species. Because lions are carnivores they eat all the meat they can find. Where Do Lions Live. Body length: 3-4 ft. Ecosystem is a system of biotic and abotic factors that functions together - plants, animals and micro-organisms - with the non living factors. Only the strongest males are able to claim enough territory to form a harem of three to 20 females. LIONS: Fun Facts and Amazing Photos of Animals in Nature (Amazing Animal Kingdom Book 12) - Kindle edition by Emma Child. Their numbers are rapidly decreasing due to habitat destruction, trophy hunting, disease, and killing by farmers to protect. Buy at this store. A Central Kalahari Safari Experience allows you to see rare Black-Maned Lions that have adapted to a harsh existence in the Central Kalahari. The backs of an African lions ears are black in colour. Used 4 boxes of same size and covered the outside of them with white contact paper then the background I used fabric designs and added to each area trees, pebbles and cotton balls to enhance each habitat. , a 501 C 3 non profit, for private parties and tours displaying lions previously at MGM Hotel Z. The cat is easily recognized both by its roar and the male's mane. Lions are carnivorous mammals that come from the family Felidae. Unlike other big cats, however, the cougar cannot roar. Adult males may be more than 8 feet long (from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail), and can weigh between 130 and 150 pounds. They belong to the family of cats and are the largest ones in the group. See Mountain Lion Attacks On People in the U. Throughout history, the African lion (Panthera leo) has represented courage and strength. California sea lions live along the coast of the Americas from British Columbia to Mexico. The book won the 1996 Smarties Book Prize. They live in ‘prides’ that consist of several related lionesses and their cubs, some of which will be half-grown, and the two or three adult males, usually brothers or at least pride mates, who rule the territory and the pride. Lions have keen eyesight to spot camouflaged prey in the grass of their habitat. "In Africa, lions can be found in savanna grasslands with scattered Acacia trees which serve as shade; their habitat in India is a mixture of dry savanna forest and very dry deciduous scrub forest. The Lion’s mane jellyfish is a large species of jelly that tends to vary in color. I took my husband to Las Vegas for his birthday and stopped by the habitat as a surprise because he lions are his favorite animal. WOW LIFE 1,194,276 views. The sub Sahara terrain of Africa and Asia is where you will find the Lion. Steller Sea Lion: The largest of the sea lion. Today, the lions can be found in northwestern India where they live in Gir Forest. leo, which consists of the. It started with a tough loss to the 49ers — where the coaches nearly got in a fist-fight after the game. Get Started. This is why people tend to think that there are so many of them out there. It's an amazing thing to see these beautiful animals up close. They are the largest wild cat in North America. Learn More; Researchers. Lions were once found across the world. They are very adaptable and live in all kinds of different habitats. 5-acre spectacular new exhibit right in the heart of the Zoo. A Central Kalahari Safari Experience allows you to see rare Black-Maned Lions that have adapted to a harsh existence in the Central Kalahari. The lion (Panthera leo) is a large mammal of the Felidae (cat) family. 5 - Unlike most big cats, lions are not usually solitary. Find and save ideas about Facts about lion on Pinterest. Biology & Behavior: Mountain Lions can survive in a variety of habitats, including high mountains, deserts, and swamps. Get the latest Detroit Lions news, photos, rankings, lists and more on Bleacher Report. Located 12 miles from the Las Vegas Strip in Henderson, Nevada, the Lion Habitat Ranch is a 8 ½-acre wildlife conservation facility accredited by the Zoological Association of America that is home to more than 40 lions, as well as a number of other large animal species, including ostriches, giraffes, and birds. The lion's diet consists of a variety of animals. Never in jungle or forest. In 1993, NMFS designated critical habitat for Steller sea lions. Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Panthera Species: leo Scientific Name: Panthera leo Subspecies […]. The lion (Panthera leo) has been disappearing from the wild at a rapid rate. Hippos have a very large body that looks like a barrel, but also have very large teeth and mouths. Includes lesson plans & study material resources. There are also lion and leopard hybrids known as leopons and lion and jaguar hybrids known as jaglions. They typically come from Tanzania, South Sudan, Angola, Mozambique, and Botswana. Few folks know the difference between Barbaries and the popular African lion, so this page is meant to educate the unfamiliar. Lion Habitat Ranch, Inc. African Lions. Max is the last surviving of the founding five and has recently earned a quiet and luxurious retirement habitat away from the busy tour route. An adult male’s roar can be heard up to nearly 5 miles away. Habitat- Lions are mainly found in Africa but can also be seen in India and parts of Asia. We spent a good hour and a half and saw the guys feeding, roaring, sleeping, and got to interact…. Check out the wide range of interesting facts about lions. Famous Roast Beef Sandwiches. It’s also known as puma, mountain lion, catamount or panther. In historic times, they started disappearing from few parts of Africa and Asia because of their clashes with humans while trying to get the perfect habitat for themselves. All the important lion cubs facts you should know. Main Difference – Seal vs Sea Lion. An adult male weighs an average of about 225 kg. Physical Characteristics. Mountain lion, cougar, puma, panther, painter, and catamount are all different names for the same animal (Puma concolor). Visit the new home of the lions that previously lived at the MGM Grand Lion Habitat. , they have no p. ) are sit-and-wait predators that construct sand pits with the shape of an inverted cone or funnel. In prides the females do most of the hunting and cub rearing. Pups are dark brown to black until 4 to 6 months old when they molt to a lighter brown. 5 lbs) and are about 1 m (3. It was shot in 1936 in South Africa’s Transvaal area. Asiatic Lion, also known as the Indian Lion, is found only in the Gir National Park of India. The Australian Sea Lion is only found in Australian waters. 5 Facts About Lions. Smilodon was the top predator in its habitat. The most popular breeds of lion are: African Lions: The African lions, fondly called the ‘King of Beasts’, are usually found in middle and southern portions of the Savannah. Lions are the most social of all cats. Males usually arrive first to establish their territories. makemegenius. The fur on a lion’s body is relatively short, although the tail ends in a dark tip of longer hair. Your up-close feline encounter begins when you enter the Lion Habitat Ranch near Las Vegas, the 8. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Ranchers may shoot lions or poison carcasses to keep them away from their livestock (lions will scavenge, making them easy targets for the poisoning method). We stumbled across the Lion Habitat when we were exploring the MGM Grand Hotel in Vegas on our first visit. One of Africa's most unforgettable experiences is hearing the roar of a lion at night. Mountain lions are in peril from hunting and habitat loss. African Lions Finally Gain Endangered Species Act Protection. Diving with Sea Lions is currently unavailable. Loss of Habitat Means Loss of Lions, BCI, dereck joubert, wildlife, save lions, africa, conservation, africa's finest, david bristow, habitat loss, human, conflict. Panthera (Leo) Atrox. The lionfish, a longstanding showstopper in home aquariums, is a flourishing invasive species in U. Read our facts about Geography, History, Animals, Planets, Science and more!. Draw rounded curves around the head for the lion’s mane. Big Cat Habitat and Gulf Coast Sanctuary is an ever-growing large-animal rescue in eastern Sarasota County. One of Africa's most unforgettable experiences is hearing the roar of a lion at night. They typically come from Tanzania, South Sudan, Angola, Mozambique, and Botswana. Information about their physical characteristics, hunting methods, life cycle, how they interact together and their roles within the pride. The cat is easily recognized both by its roar and the male's mane. Lions Live in groups called prides and find a place to live for the rest thir lives. The body is very muscular, with less bone mass than other animals of comparable size. ’ These ferocious predators are majestic to watch especially in wildlife. Shows are held twice daily, where visitors can learn more about the animals and observe as they respond to trainer’s cues. We have collected some amazing facts related to animals - all about dogs, cats, elephant because they seem to interest the child’s eyes a lot. Here are some interesting facts about lions, their habitat and behavior. Check out the wide range of interesting facts about lions. There are very interesting facts that you should know about these amazing hybrids. For Free Science Videos for Kids www. The lion (Panthera leo) is ane o the five big cat species in the genus Panthera an a memmer o the faimily Felidae. The African Lion has a light tawny coat with white on the abdomen and inside of their legs. However, there is a small population of Asiatic lions living in India within the Gir Forest National Park, a wildlife sanctuary. " - The Lion King Hakuna Matata! It's time for some handy-dandy The Lion King facts. Whereas sea lions and their ilk sport external ear flaps known as pinnae, Harbor Seals and other members of Phocidae (the “true seals”) lack such structures. Lion back teeth are called carnassals and they work like a pair of scissors. The California sea lion is found along the western coast of North America from the Gulf of Alaska in British Colombia (Canada) to the Gulf of California (Mexico). On one hand you have the need these animals have for protection. Young second-year males have a very scraggly appearance. The largest mammalian carnivore that ever lived on land was the giant short-faced bear. Big Cat Habitat and Gulf Coast Sanctuary is an ever-growing large-animal rescue in eastern Sarasota County. All about lions 30 fun ,interesting facts for kids ppt. They have a body length between 1. An absolutely breathtaking experience. No studies have been done to determine what to do if you meet a lion. 1-5 Lion Facts 1. Lion's Habitat - They are only now found in the Sahara Desert and in parts of Southern and Eastern Africa. Lions are carnivorous mammals that come from the family Felidae. Human activity has encouraged Mountain Lions to retreat to the rugged terrain that remains largely uninhabited by humans. ' These ferocious predators are majestic to watch especially in wildlife. Lions usually hunt at night. Are lions endangered? Yes, the number of lions decreased drastically in the past couple of decades. Zoo and Botanical Gardens: slightly less animals - See 1,423 traveler reviews, 1,542 candid photos, and great deals for Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, at TripAdvisor. They are solitary and elusive, and their nature is to avoid humans. Hippos kill about 500 people a year; lions kill around 100. Lions are believed to have evolved from their predecessors sometime around 1 million to 800,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. Founded in 1987 by Kay Rosaire, the nonprofit sanctuary is a permanent home for dozens of exotic animals, offers placement for animals in need, and works to educate the public about animal care and conservation. Our spacious lion habitat is home to a pride of three sisters and one male: Nia, Kali, Zuri and Arnold. is a federal non profit corp protecting exotic animals! Always open by. Note: The section dealing with Description of Habitat, Appearance, Eating Habits and Enemies should be written in paragraph form under the appropriate heading. This page is a complete list of all attacks that involve physical contact by mountain lions on people in California through 26 January 2007. Are lions in trouble? Due to many issues such as disease, hunting by humans, and loss of habitat, the population of lions in the wild is becoming very concerning to conservationists. Ant Lion larvae (Myrmeleon sp. Mostly, lions can be found in the continent of Africa and some parts of India. 348 reviews of Lion Habitat Ranch "The best!!! Absolutely our new favorite thing. 25 ft), a tail length between 0. The lion's diet consists of a variety of animals. Of the three species, the Grevy’s zebra and the mountain zebras are on the list of endangered species. What they look like: Cougars are carnivores (meat eating animals). Lions and Zoos. The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae; it is a muscular, deep-chested cat with a short, rounded head, a reduced neck and round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. Female lions reach two-thirds of their adult size by the time they are two years old. Information about Panthera leo spelaea (cave lion) and other prehistoric creatures. Most Montanans live all their lives without a glimpse of a mountain lion, much less a confrontation with one. Ligers are the biggest cats on earth; they weigh 900 to 1200 Pounds. The Wildlife Conservation Network and Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation have announced the launch of the Lion Recovery Fund. 5 Facts About Lions. Stroll along the paved paths and watch the giant cats lounging, playing and napping in their habitats. An absolutely breathtaking experience. Your up-close feline encounter begins when you enter the Lion Habitat Ranch near Las Vegas, the 8. Now, they’re mostly found in Sub-Saharan Africa, with one subspecies living in India. Big cats are most active from groves until dawn so most of the day is spent sleeping, hunting also takes a lot of energy so they need a lot of sleep. Barbary lions preferred mountainous and forested terrain. There is one male, Chester, born in September 2010 and two females: Zuri, born in September 2010 and Asha, born in January of 2011. Actually there is no exact meaning for this word. Lions Facts. Accredited educational facility. Let's tip our scuba masks to this amazing invertebrate. Did you know that South American sea lions and other pinnipeds (seals, sea lions and walruses) are descendent from a land-based carnivore that lived 27-25 million years ago?. The first sighting of a White Lion was in 1938. They are also known as cougars, pumas, panthers, and catamounts. Lions are the only social felines, and enjoy living in prides of between four and 37 cats. On average, the lion is the tallest of the big cats, but the Siberian tiger tends to be considerably longer and heavier. We have gathered complete set of Lion Facts for Kids that will help kids in learning all about lions. 57 percent of her body weight (a male’s is about 0. Humans slowly decimated these populations over the centuries. The lion is the second largest cat, after the tiger. Lions are now found only in grasslands, dense bushes and savannahs of Africa and Asia. The cat is easily recognized both by its roar and the male's mane. To make that happen, the team needed stone indigenous to the habitat of the lion -- Tuscarora sandstone -- and lots of it. The Project that demonstrates the knowledge of Lions. Lions are the second largest big cat species. Mountain lions are also known as cougars, pumas, panthers and catamounts. They like to live in grassy open places as it is easier for them to catch their prey. The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae; it is a muscular, deep-chested cat with a short, rounded head, a reduced neck and round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. Big Sky Wildlife Spotlight: Mountain Lions. A Central Kalahari Safari Experience allows you to see rare Black-Maned Lions that have adapted to a harsh existence in the Central Kalahari. The first lion fossil was excavated in southern Germany and described by Georg August Goldfuss using the scientific name Felis spelaea, which probably dates to the Würm glaciation and is 191,000 to 57,000 years old. This is known as its habitat. It is our desire and belief that we can make you fall in love with our lions and by doing so, we all will strive to protect and donate to wild lion habitats. Most altitudes and all vegetation types except tropical rain forests and interior of the Sahara desert, lions will live in. Around a hundred years ago there were likely as many as 200,000 lions living wild. Facts About Lions For Kids. Tiger Habitats. Johannesburg - More than two-thirds of the lions estimated to have lived on Africa's savannahs have disappeared in the last 50 years because their habitats are disappearing, according to a study. A lion's roar can be heard as far as three miles away! Learn more about this fierce creature in this Wild Animal Safari. Go ahead, let out a "roar" - this webcam at the University of North Alabama is something special! EarthCam teamed up with UNA to virtually transport visitors into the lion's den, also known as the George H. An average male lion weighs about 500 pounds and grows to 8ft in length. 45 percent of his body weight), whereas a hyena’s heart is close to 1 percent of its body weight. It is a critically endangered species. Mountain lion mauls 8-year-old boy who was playing outside his home. Variations in the color of the lion's coat have been listed as rust, apricot, lemon, smoke, and even black. The male lion is the loudest roar in all of the species of the big cats that can be heard from 5 miles up away. This includes a number of offshore islands. For thousands of years they have been revered as jungle royalty; fierce, proud, beautiful, brave and true. 5 ft) in length and up to 350 kg (770 lb). Challenges lion cubs face: disease, starvation and pride conflicts. There are lions located throughout much of the middle and southern portions of the African. The fur on a lion’s body is relatively short, although the tail ends in a dark tip of longer hair. Larger jellies can range from bright red to dark purple, while smaller ones are typically to tan to orange. Our Mission Statement. Lions Facts: Past and Present Quiz 1. Did you know that South American sea lions and other pinnipeds (seals, sea lions and walruses) are descendent from a land-based carnivore that lived 27-25 million years ago?. Now, they’re mostly found in Sub-Saharan Africa, with one subspecies living in India. Asiatic lions are usually smaller than African lions, and males have a shorter mane. In these lessons, you will identify potential wildlife corridors that avoid freeways and follow prime mountain lion terrain. Currently, only a small population of the Asiatic lion subspecies can be found in the Gir Forest National Park in Western India. Welcome to this article about the mountain lion! Also known as the cougar or puma, this animal is one of the largest wild cats in North America. A Cartoon Lion. Here are some interesting facts about lions, their habitat and behavior. Lions are the second largest cats on Earth, and the only ones to have manes or live in prides. Asiatic Lion in Gir Sanctuary (Gujarat,India): African Lion(African savanna): Lions thrive in open grasslands, with widely spaced an. Sometimes though they do live among bushy regions and even at the lower areas of the mountains. Lion Habitat Ranch, Inc. Even though I had been to MGM on numerous occasions for photography conferences, I had never ventured over to the MGM Grand lions exhibit.